It will be filtered through membranes fine enough to remove ions and molecules as well as salts, bacteria and other pathogens. After chlorination, the recylced water will be stored next door, in tanks under Matron Ruby Grant Park. Water treatment in Green Square. This mini-grid will allow excess solar energy from 1 site to be used by others. For example, if the solar power generated on the childcare centre is greater than the energy it uses, the excess will be fed to another community building.
This means every viable square metre of roof space can be used for solar power. This will save money the City spends on energy bills. Solar power. Whether you go for a swim or borrow a book in Green Square, both will expose you to some eye-opening architecture. The new subterranean library will stay cool in summer while retaining heat in winter. Its innovative design includes a garden atrium and an abundance of carefully placed skylights.
Constructed from sustainable materials, the centre will have rooftop solar and recycled water, like every other new public building in Green Square. Maczulak has given presentations to national environmental health associations as well as workshops on surface water. Visit Seller's Storefront. Please contact me if you are not satisfied with your order in any manner. I always list book by ISBN only and buyer is assured of correct edition, correct author and correct format of book. Name of your business and form of legal entity: Ami Ventures Inc.
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Payment Methods accepted by seller. AbeBooks Bookseller Since: 31 May Home Anne E. However, building as a process is not as streamlined as an industrial process, and varies from one building to the other, never repeating itself identically. In addition, buildings are much more complex products, composed of a multitude of materials and components each constituting various design variables to be decided at the design stage.
A variation of every design variable may affect the environment during all the building's relevant life-cycle stages. Green buildings often include measures to reduce energy consumption — both the embodied energy required to extract, process, transport and install building materials and operating energy to provide services such as heating and power for equipment. Studies such as the U. LCI Database Project  show buildings built primarily with wood will have a lower embodied energy than those built primarily with brick, concrete, or steel.
To reduce operating energy use, designers use details that reduce air leakage through the building envelope the barrier between conditioned and unconditioned space. They also specify high-performance windows and extra insulation in walls, ceilings, and floors.
Another strategy, passive solar building design , is often implemented in low-energy homes. Designers orient windows and walls and place awnings, porches, and trees  to shade windows and roofs during the summer while maximizing solar gain in the winter.
Sustainability: Building Eco-Friendly Communities (Green Technology) [Anne E Maczulak] on milquiprofinom.cf *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The early 21st . Sustainability: Building Eco-friendly Communities. Front Cover. Anne E. Green Biotechnology. Sustainable Agriculture and Biopesticides.
In addition, effective window placement daylighting can provide more natural light and lessen the need for electric lighting during the day. Solar water heating further reduces energy costs. Onsite generation of renewable energy through solar power , wind power , hydro power , or biomass can significantly reduce the environmental impact of the building.
Power generation is generally the most expensive feature to add to a building. Reducing water consumption and protecting water quality are key objectives in sustainable building.
One critical issue of water consumption is that in many areas, the demands on the supplying aquifer exceed its ability to replenish itself. To the maximum extent feasible, facilities should increase their dependence on water that is collected, used, purified, and reused on-site. The protection and conservation of water throughout the life of a building may be accomplished by designing for dual plumbing that recycles water in toilet flushing or by using water for washing of the cars. Waste-water may be minimized by utilizing water conserving fixtures such as ultra-low flush toilets and low-flow shower heads.
Bidets help eliminate the use of toilet paper, reducing sewer traffic and increasing possibilities of re-using water on-site. Point of use water treatment and heating improves both water quality and energy efficiency while reducing the amount of water in circulation. The use of non-sewage and greywater for on-site use such as site-irrigation will minimize demands on the local aquifer. Philadelphia's Comcast Center is the tallest building in Philadelphia. Their environmental engineering consists of a hybrid central chilled water system which cools floor-by-floor with steam instead of water.
Burn's Mechanical set-up the entire renovation of the 58 story, 1. For concrete a high performance or Roman self-healing concrete is available. Indoor Air Quality seeks to reduce volatile organic compounds , or VOCs, and other air impurities such as microbial contaminants.
During the design and construction process choosing construction materials and interior finish products with zero or low VOC emissions will improve IAQ. These gases can have a detrimental impact on occupants' health, comfort, and productivity. Avoiding these products will increase a building's IEQ. Draft LEED  is about to expand the scope of the involved products.
These IAQ standards have been adopted by and incorporated into the following programs:. Also important to indoor air quality is the control of moisture accumulation dampness leading to mold growth and the presence of bacteria and viruses as well as dust mites and other organisms and microbiological concerns. Water intrusion through a building's envelope or water condensing on cold surfaces on the building's interior can enhance and sustain microbial growth.
A well-insulated and tightly sealed envelope will reduce moisture problems but adequate ventilation is also necessary to eliminate moisture from sources indoors including human metabolic processes, cooking, bathing, cleaning, and other activities. Personal temperature and airflow control over the HVAC system coupled with a properly designed building envelope will also aid in increasing a building's thermal quality. Creating a high performance luminous environment through the careful integration of daylight and electrical light sources will improve on the lighting quality and energy performance of a structure.
Solid wood products, particularly flooring, are often specified in environments where occupants are known to have allergies to dust or other particulates. Wood itself is considered to be hypo-allergenic and its smooth surfaces prevent the buildup of particles common in soft finishes like carpet. The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America recommends hardwood, vinyl, linoleum tile or slate flooring instead of carpet.
Interactions among all the indoor components and the occupants together form the processes that determine the indoor air quality. Extensive investigation of such processes is the subject of indoor air scientific research and is well documented in the journal Indoor Air. No matter how sustainable a building may have been in its design and construction, it can only remain so if it is operated responsibly and maintained properly.
Green architecture also seeks to reduce waste of energy, water and materials used during construction. Well-designed buildings also help reduce the amount of waste generated by the occupants as well, by providing on-site solutions such as compost bins to reduce matter going to landfills. To reduce the amount of wood that goes to landfill, Neutral Alliance a coalition of government, NGOs and the forest industry created the website dontwastewood.
When buildings reach the end of their useful life, they are typically demolished and hauled to landfills. Deconstruction is a method of harvesting what is commonly considered "waste" and reclaiming it into useful building material. To reduce the impact on wells or water treatment plants , several options exist. Rainwater collectors are used for similar purposes.
Centralized wastewater treatment systems can be costly and use a lot of energy. An alternative to this process is converting waste and wastewater into fertilizer, which avoids these costs and shows other benefits.
By collecting human waste at the source and running it to a semi-centralized biogas plant with other biological waste, liquid fertilizer can be produced. This concept was demonstrated by a settlement in Lubeck Germany in the late s. Practices like these provide soil with organic nutrients and create carbon sinks that remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, offsetting greenhouse gas emission.
Producing artificial fertilizer is also more costly in energy than this process. Electricity networks are built based on peak demand another name is peak load. Peak demand is measured in the units of watts W. It shows how fast electrical energy is consumed. Residential electricity is often charged on electrical energy kilowatt hour , kWh.
Green buildings or sustainable buildings are often capable of saving electrical energy but not necessarily reducing peak demand. When sustainable building features are designed, constructed and operated efficiently, peak demand can be reduced so that there is less desire for electricity network expansion and there is less impact onto carbon emission and climate change.
The most criticized issue about constructing environmentally friendly buildings is the price. Photo-voltaics, new appliances, and modern technologies tend to cost more money. And broader benefits, such as reductions in greenhouse gases GHGs and other pollutants have large positive impacts on surrounding communities and on the planet.